Currently, all marijuana that is used for consumption must be tested for a variety of chemicals and compounds which vary from state to state. Cannabinoids, Residual solvents, and processing chemicals, Residual pesticides, Microbiological impurities, Water-activity or moisture-content, Filth and foreign material, Heavy metals and Terpenes.
The THC levels and potency are also tested. Below are some of what is tested for and again varies by state.
Cannabichromene (CBC) is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid that has been associated with anti-inflammatory and anti-viral effects.
Cannabidiol (CDB) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It is often associated with having a sedative effect thereby reducing anxiety.
Cannbidiolic Acid (CBD-A, CBDA) an acid with the carboxylic group (COOH) attached, is a precursor to Cannabidiol. When the carboxyl group is removed through decarboxylation by exposure to heat or air CBDA converts to CBD.
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid. It has been associated with the treatment of glaucoma and inflammatory bowel disease.
Cannabigerolic acid (CBGa) is formed when geranyl pyrophosphate combines with olivetolic acid within the cannabis plant. It is thanks to CBGa that all other medicinal effects of cannabis are possible. Cannabigerolic acid (CBGa) can be thought of as the stem cell cannabinoid, which becomes THCa/THC, CBDa/CBD, CBCa/CBC, and CBG. It does this through different types of biosynthesis, where chemicals combine to form new compounds, examples being the THC biosynthase and the CBD biosynthase. Hemp strains of cannabis have higher amounts of CBG due to a recessive trait, which may imply higher amounts of CBGa present in those strains as well.
Cannabinol (CBN) is a breakdown product of THC. The amount increases with the amount of time that has passed since harvest. The substance is known for having a sedative effect.
Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol Acid (Δ9-THC-A, THCA) an acid with the carboxylic group (COOH) attached. In its acid form, THC is not very active. It is only when the carboxyl group is removed through decarboxylation by heating or exposure to air that THC becomes psychoactive.
Delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC, THC) is the primary psychoactive component of the plant.
Delta-8 Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8-THC) is similar to Δ9-THC however it has lower psychotropic potency. It is associated with simulating appetite and analgesic effect.
THCv is a psychoactive variant of THC. The major difference between the two is that instead of stimulating appetite, the famed ‘munchies,’ THCv actually suppresses appetite. For that reason, THCv is being heavily researched as a weight loss tool. THCv is active for a shorter period of time than THC and provides a more clear-headed experience. It also appears to curb anxiety attacks in PTSD patients.
Many of these labs are new and have sprung up with the industry growth. Some are being questioned about when it comes to their potency results.Many growers wish to have the most potent strain and in doing so can give them notoriety or fame which leads to higher prices down the line. In the future, we are going to see a few of these overnight labs fall as the industry progresses to “Weed” out the not so honest labs.